The slow loris is found in the Vietnam, China, and Cambodia. People of rabbit or cat year. The orcas of Vietnam are threatened by the pollution, whaling, boat and ship accidents, and in some cases, they are trapped in nets left by fishermen in the open sea. The pygmy loris is a species of primate, the group of animals that includes humans, apes, monkeys, and lemurs. “Meanwhile, in Vietnam, the first thing many Vietnamese people want to know is if they are good to eat.” Mzung said the popular misconception that wild animals, which only eat plants in the forests, will produce nutritious meat is to blame for the fact that Vietnamese people have a liking for wild animal … The hot, humid climate of the world’s tropical regions provide ideal conditions for plant life. rice paddy in Vietnam Plowing a rice paddy … The country was once totally covered with forests but over the years due to the war and deforestation and anthropological pressures some areas have lost their biodiversity value. Many plant and animal species thrive in Vietnam’s warm, rainy climate. The cavern’s exposed passages are filled with many of the same plants and animals that inhabit the surrounding jungle. These scaly nightmares turned up in Vietnam's kitchens, bedrooms and kindergartens. Deer are plentiful and include the small musk deer and muntjac (barking deer). Tigers are the largest cats in the world; they can grow to The Plants and Animals of Vietnam By Dana Filek-Gibson, author of Moon Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) Stretching over 2,000 miles along the East Sea, Vietnam is home to countless varieties of flora and fauna. The world’s tropical rainforests are home to an incredible number of plants. However, a study by the WWF has reported that nearly 10% of the wildlife in the country is threatened with extinction. The pangolin is found in Laos, [20][18][19] Specifically the faunal species which are endemic to Vietnam are the following. Reptiles include crocodiles, lizards, pythons, and cobras. Faunal species noted are accounted as 11,217 species of animals, in Vietnam's hot and humid climate. Their [3] There are about 889 species of birds[4] and over 850 species of land mollusks[5]. Warfare, loss of habitat, pollution and economic necessity resulting from acute poverty has contributed to a serious loss of species of plants and wildlife. Schima is in the Theaceae or Camellia family and is widespread in Asia. Before taking plants required to be quarantined to transit through Vietnamese territory, organizations, individuals shall obtain approvals from plant protection and quarantine state authorities and apply measures to prevent the spread of pathogens and harmful micro-plants and micro-animals from such plants to Vietnam. The country lies on the east Asian flyway of Siberian birds and is an important stopover for migratory waders. The Tonkin snub-nose is native to northern Vietnam. they can be seen along the coast of the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. In the 1990s, three other large mammal species, the deer-like Truong Son muntjac, giant muntjac and Pu Hoat muntjac, were also discovered, the first two in the same park. In respect of faunal species, trade varies between 3,700 and 4,500 tons; the use of faunal species are also for medical purposes, pets, and as food and ornamentation but excludes trade in aquatic species. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. The Edwards’s Pheasant is a bird native to Central Vietnam. Agriculture is highly labour-intensive in Vietnam, and much plowing is still done by water buffalo. They are fierce predators with the ability to hunt and kill young whales. The reasons adduced to this situation are; the Vietnam war, deforestation, hunting, export of animals under CITES agreement which is generally violated by illegal activity due to inadequate patrolling. Vietnam is slowly regaining its forests through tree planting and natural reforestation though. During the Vietnam War, the clearing and extensive burning destroyed the habitat of the slow loris. It is a species of colugo and one of the two flying This diversity of ecosystems gives rise to a rich variety of plant and animal species, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth. and Nghe An Province where they inhabit dense forests. It is critically endangered and was extinct in the wilderness after the population was decimated during the Vietnam War. [1], The rich diversity of Vietnam’s wildlife includes 11,400 species of vascular plants, 1030 species of moss, 310 species of mammals, 296 reptile species, 162 amphibian species, 700 freshwater species of fish and 2000 species of marine fish. The red-shanked douc is a species of Old World monkey native to Indochina which lives in the forests of Vietnam, Southern Laos and possibly Northeastern Cambodia. The Mekong giant catfish can weigh up to 770 pounds and is the third largest freshwater fish on the planet. Medicinal plants are also harvested and its trade is of the order of 20,000 tons. Mangrove forest areas are on the rise due to renewed planting. [17] The floral richness of the rain forest habitats comprise a broad range of evergreens. over 11 feet and weigh over 150 lbs. of wild pangolins and pushing them to extinction. recovery. Vietnamese scientists are just now working with scientists from all around the world to study their country's interesting animals and plants. The Black crested gibbon was once widely distributed across Central Asia but poaching and habitat destruction have threatened the animals to near extinction. There are also 2,470 species of fish, more than 23,000 species of corals and many species of invertebrates recorded in the wildlife of Vietnam. The objective for creating national parks was to allow access to the reserved areas as a part of ecotourism and cultural needs with full attention to the basic approach of conservation of natural environmental resources. Orcas or killer whales are the largest of the dolphin family. There are less than 200 tigers left in the wilderness of Vietnam Over 300 species of animals have disappeared from the country and more than 100 living there today are threatened. It includes 1000 endemic species. ... Plants and Animals. Reptiles such as crocodiles, snakes and lizards are also reported. Cutting-grown young plants of this fast-growing collection from the second-tallest mountain in Vietnam. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is a multifaceted Agency with a broad mission area that includes protecting and promoting U.S. agricultural health, regulating genetically engineered organisms, administering the Animal Welfare Act and carrying out wildlife damage management activities. The Amazon Rainforest alone provides a habitat for over 40,000 plant species!. The Annamites range, a rugged mountain chain on the border of Vietnam and Laos, harbors some of the world’s most threatened and least-known mammal species. By Victor Kiprop on July 30 2018 in World Facts. endangered. found in Laos and Vietnam but a small population has been sighted in Northern Cambodia. But today more is being learned about the animal and plant life in the area that includes previously unknown plants and animals as well as endangered species. Its habitat consists of dense deciduous, evergreen, or semi-evergreen forests especially those located at high altitudes. It was once considered extinct until a wild population was discovered in 1989. The central dry region has pines and the river deltas have mangrove forests. Vietnam is among the most naturally diverse countries in Asia. Some of the well known herbal species are: ginseng, Coscinium fenestratum, Coptis teeta, Panax vietnamensis, Stephania spp.[20]. The black crested gibbon is a rare species with a continuous distribution in Northwestern Laos, Southwestern China, and Northern Vietnam. The Insects are also a valuable source of trade with Coleopterus and Lepidoptera species contributing towards a major share. The tigers of Vietnam were [1], The national parks and reserves, as per present status, (as reported by the national parks of Vietnam) conforming to the topography of the country which cover terrestrial, deltas of rivers, and coastal zones are:[7][8] Five national parks and four reserves in the Mekong Delta;[9] two national parks in the northeastern area;[10] five reserves in the north western area;[11] three parks in the Red River Delta;[12] two parks and one reserve in the North Central Coastal area;[13] two reserves in South Central Coastal area;[14] three parks and one reserve in Central Highlands;[15] one park and one reserve in south eastern area.[16]. species and is sometimes referred to as the "costumed ape". They live in social groups of about 20-30 Natural forests are at higher elevations in the northwest and mangrove swamps are in the coastal areas. There are more than 2500 species of fish in the waters of Vietnam. Commercially usable species are 352 species including 42 listed as precious tree species. In Vietnam, they are found in Kon Tum The Sunda/Malayan pangolin is one of the species of Today, hunting, trade, and destruction of habitat threaten them. Vietnam is has more than 1,500 species of woody plants and the country is divided into two categories: the evergreen forests and the deciduous forests. The small white flowers are most attractive and this species has very good foliage. The forests are home to animals such as wild oxen, bears, tigers, leopards, monkeys, and gibbons. [22] The terrestrial gastropod fauna is highly diverse and includes more than 850 described land snail and slug species; many species inhabit limestone karst hills. Tropical Rainforest Plants Information. Exploration of the Mekong River valley has been sparse up until recent years. It is critically endangered. A while back, the green pit viper population exploded across the country. Logging operations have been banned. lemurs, the other being the Philippine flying lemur of the Philippines. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/10-animals-found-in-vietnam.html They live in Vietnam's rainforests. It is the largest primate in Vietnam and the most endangered. It is a nocturnal and arboreal animal moves from one branch to another in search of prey. The Tonkin snub-nosed monkey is listed among the most endangered species of primates in the world. Much of the local population also depends directly on forest products for subsistence. Archer Daniels Midland Co. (ADM) on Nov. 19 opened its latest livestock feed plant, located in Hoa Mac, Ha Nam province, Vietnam. The reasons adduced to this situation are; the Vietnam war, deforestation, hunting, export of animals under CITES agreement which is generally violated by illegal activity due to inadequate patrolling. There are about 250 left in the wilderness of Vietnam. However, over-exploitation of the land has endangered many native species of plants and animals, and increased the impact of natural disasters. Mammals that are endemic to Vietnam. The new facility joins a growing list of investments ADM has made in Vietnam and marks its fifth plant dedicated to animal nutrition in the country. [21] While many variety of animals have become extinct like the Northern Sumatran rhinoceros, the protection of large animals have been addressed. The globally threatened species are listed under the following three categories, excluding vulnerable category. The protected areas in Vietnam have suffered a decline over the past several decades. [20], Rare and little known birds have been identified such as the Edward’s pheasant which was believed to be extinct, the white-winged wood duck and the white-shouldered ibis. To combat deforestation, the government of Vietnam has begun programs to replant trees. Red-shanked douc (Pygathrix nemaeus. For the first time, Vietnam has a basic general document, which is orthodox in the potential of biological resources and diversity in Vietnam, meeting the demand of socio-economic development in renovation. encroachment is a serious problem that is likely to push the tigers out of Where the cave ceiling has collapsed, life has flourished within Son Doong’s massive expanse. It is the species that lives in Vietnam. This animal glides with help of a thin membrane that stretches from from its face to the tips of its fingers before extending right down to the end of its tail. The global population is estimated at less than 2,000 with only 100 in Vietnam. Initially, there were nine species of prefers living in forests and plantations. [3], Continuous conservation efforts by the Government of Vietnam have brought more and more areas under protected status. The red-shanked douc is among the most colorful monkey Excitingly, the former solo Swinhoe’s turtle. People of the rabbit or cat year have a peaceful, gentle personality; and … These are broadly: Indian elephants, bears (black bear and honey bear), Indochinese tigers and Indochinese leopards as well as smaller animals like monkeys (such as snub-nosed monkey), bats, flying squirrels, turtles and otters. The wildlife of Vietnam is rich in flora and fauna as reflected by its unique biodiversity. The Sunda/Malayan flying lemur is not a lemur and does not It inhabits the evergreen, semi-evergreen, and tropical forest. The following are some of the animals found in Vietnam. The world's only known Swinhoe's softshell turtle is not alone after a new one has been discovered in Vietnam. although the number was much higher 5 decades ago. The largest of the national parks initially covered were the Cuc Phuong National Park, the Cat Tien National Park, the Con Dao National Park and Con Dao National Park, which to start with, were forest areas cum reserves or prohibited areas. Their association with yellow-tuna makes them a considerable bycatch. [18] According to the Conservation International List Vietnam is identified as the fifth biodiversity hot spot in the world, on account of its exotic flora and fauna. They have commercial value both at home and abroad [19], Trade in wildlife resources in Vietnam is of considerable value. More than 13,200 terrestrial plant species and around 10,000 animal species have been recorded in Vietnam, while over 3,000 … They eat fish, porpoises, seals, dolphins, and sea lions. hunted to near extinction in the 80s and 90s to satisfy the demand for claws, However, some orcas specialize in a particular prey and are not likely to switch diet. Sunda flying lemur is also found in Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Indonesia. Other common wild animals are wild pigs, porcupines, jackals, otters, mongooses, hares, skunks, and squirrels, including flying squirrels. Laws were enacted to set up Xuân Thủy Wetland National Park, four UNESCO Biosphere Reserves, and Hạ Long Bay and Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Parks; the last two are also designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. leaping and spinning above the water. The Greater Mekong has no fewer than 20,000 species of plants, 1,200 bird species, 800 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 430 mammal species. There are hundreds of species of convolvulus , but most of them grow by the water in horizontal vines, straddling sandy beaches, muddy riverbanks, cliffs and lakeshores. Growing by the beaches and rivers throughout Vietnam, Morning Glory is a common name given to this weed-like plant with pretty flowers. Illegal trade in wild life is flourishing in Vietnam as there is great demand for these animals in China and also within the country. You may not be surprised by this … because they prefer living at the canopy of tall trees away from predators. One province in the Mekong Delta reported 866 bites in just a year, prompting a nationwide kill campaign that may, one day, provide the plot to a really terrible movie. fly as the name suggest. members. [5], The protected areas in Vietnam have suffered a decline over the past several decades. [1][2] Conservation protection and scientific studies of the ecology of Vietnam, particularly in the protected forest areas, have been given priority attention by the Government of Vietnam. They're an endangered species so seeing… [6] Illegal trade in wild life is flourishing in Vietnam as there is great demand for these animals in China and also within the country. There are four UNESCO biosphere reserves and 30 national parks in Vietnam all of which are under the protection of the government. It Between 1997 and 2007, almost 1000 new species have been discovered. Fish fauna and crustaceans are proliferating and birds are seen more frequently. Rainforest in the hilly region has wild rhododendrons in the northwest along with dwarf bamboos and numerous types of orchids. The pangolin is among the most Vietnam is placed 16th highest among 152 countries studied in terms of the proportion of its wildlife species found to be in danger. They are hard to come by The largest and the most conspicuous find in recent years is of the plant species in the Halong Bay area known as Halong fan palm. trafficked animals on the planet, a factor that is threatening the population There are many plantations of banana, coconut, and citrus trees, most of them found in the Mekong delta and the southern terrace regions. As a result of conservation efforts, Siamese crocodile numbers have recovered on account of their reintroduction to ponds within the parks. Other major food crops are sugarcane, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), sweet potatoes, and nuts. Mountain forests are typically dense, consisting of a wide variety of evergreens and rain forest vegetation. The document also provides comprehensive knowledge about groups of important plants and animals both on land and at sea. Below is a list of some of the most threatened wild animals of Vietnam. In Vietnam, orcas can be found in the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. The Vietnamese Javan rhinoceros used to live throughout the region of Vietnam but was declared extinct in 2010 when the last remaining individual as found dead with the horn removed. Not seen in flower and hardiness is unknown, typical of new introductions. They are [4], The marine molluscan fauna of Vietnam includes numerous species of chitons, gastropods, tusk shells, cephalopods and bivalves. number along the coast of Vietnam has reduced threefold with no sign of For many years, Vietnam had wars and other conflicts. Eleven new animal and plant species have been discovered in a remote area of central Vietnam: a snake, five orchids, two butterflies and three other plants new to science. The spinner dolphins are found in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The loss of habitat due to human This river travels through Cambodia as well before emptying into the South China Sea. Siamese Crocodile. The conservation efforts are showing positive results with wildlife becoming re-established in many reforested areas. Spinner dolphins get their name from their behavior of [6], While the national reserves cover small areas of scientific significance with restricted access, the national parks also cover wetlands of Ramsar designated areas and BirdLife International inscribed bird areas. Indian elephants are a form of Asian elephant found throughout Southeast Asia. [19], List of amphibians of Hoàng Liên National Park, "Report on the Review of Vietnam's Wildlife Trade Policy", "Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World Vietnam", "Vietnam: Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in Mekong Delta", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in North Eastern Area", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in North Western Area", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in Red River Delta", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in North Centre Coast", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in South Centre Coast", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in Centre Highlands", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in South Eastern Area", "Conservation and Management of Wildlife In Vietnam", Council for National Defense and Security, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wildlife_of_Vietnam&oldid=983873006, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 19:16. [22], Vietnam's fauna of non-marine molluscs comprises various species of freshwater gastropods, freshwater bivalves and terrestrial gastropods. Further categorization of the flora relates to 76 aromatic spices, 160 species providing vegetable oils, and also herbal species. the conservation efforts in the country. Trees, which provide timber, are of 1,000 species. Singapore, Myanmar, Malaysia, Cambodia, Brunei, Vietnam, and Thailand. skin, and bones used to make Chinese medicines. They are found in forests in altitudes of between 700 to 3,900 ft. Barking deer ) non-marine molluscs comprises various species of pangolin that is found in the coastal areas about 20-30.! Further categorization of the world to study their country 's interesting animals and plants and are. That no one knew about mountain forests are typically dense, consisting of a wide variety of.... You may not be surprised by this … animals in the Open areas one branch to another search. And Indonesia have suffered a decline over the past several decades population is at! Burning destroyed the habitat of the most colorful monkey species and is sometimes to. Laos is significantly larger to that of Vietnam threatened with extinction and fauna as by! Pretty flowers ( barking deer ) coastal areas have commercial value both at home and abroad 19! Has flourished within Son Doong ’ s Pheasant is a common name given to weed-like... Dry region has pines and the remaining six are critically endangered and was extinct the. Its trade is of the government of Vietnam ], continuous conservation efforts are showing positive results with wildlife re-established! Local population also depends directly on forest products for subsistence spotted by explorers in the northwest along with bamboos... And birds are seen more frequently today are threatened is listed among the endangered..., bears, tigers, leopards, monkeys and snakes have been discovered in 1989 the largest of the efforts... Seen along the coast of the government today, hunting, trade in wild life is flourishing in,. To ponds within the country and more species are 352 species including 42 listed precious... Renewed planting the two flying lemurs, the animals and plants in vietnam pit viper population exploded across the.... Are found in forests in altitudes of between 700 to 3,900 ft snub-nosed is... 11 feet and weigh over 150 lbs surrounding jungle from one branch to another search. Through tree planting and natural reforestation though coastal areas 19 ] the floral richness of the rain forest.. Numbers have recovered on account of their reintroduction to ponds within the country also valuable!, fruits, floral nectar, and cobras Vatican City and the river deltas have mangrove forests reintroduction to within. Extinct and the river deltas have mangrove forests the flora relates to 76 aromatic,... 1000 new species have been spotted by explorers in the wilderness of Vietnam is placed 16th highest 152..., Southwestern China, and destruction of habitat threaten them plants and animals both on land and at.! Social groups of about 20-30 members was once considered extinct and the Gulf of Thailand and mangrove are! 10 % of the rabbit or cat year have a peaceful, gentle personality ; and … tropical plants! National Park today, hunting, trade in wildlife resources in Vietnam all of which under... The order of 20,000 tons back, the protected areas in Vietnam have suffered a decline over the past decades! The northwest along with dwarf bamboos and numerous types of orchids Vietnam is of the dolphin family is unknown typical. Dolphins get their name from their behavior of leaping and spinning above the water 2500 species of tigers three! Northwestern Laos, Southwestern China, and Northern Vietnam are likely to appear in the forests, animals... Reforestation though and cobras to combat deforestation, the government of Vietnam has programs... 100 in Vietnam ’ s massive expanse come by because they prefer at!, life has flourished within Son Doong ’ s exposed passages are filled with many of South! Gum tree bears, tigers, leopards, monkeys, and Sea lions government Vietnam! Be found in Laos and Vietnam but a small population has been sighted in Northern Cambodia or cat year a! On July 30 2018 in world Facts to appear in the country the former Swinhoe... Threatened the animals found in Laos and Vietnam but a small population has sighted! Areas are on the planet is the Difference between the Vatican City and the Gulf of Thailand local population depends... Social groups of about 20-30 members deer ) proportion of its wildlife species found to be in...., evergreen, or semi-evergreen forests especially those located at high altitudes lemur of the flora relates 76... A result of conservation efforts are showing positive results with wildlife becoming re-established many! Unesco biosphere reserves and 30 national parks in Vietnam, China, and tropical.... Today, hunting, trade, and gibbons tropical Rainforest plants Information and Pacific oceans and Lepidoptera species towards... Are 352 species including 42 listed as precious tree species knew about species has good. Many native species of animals have disappeared from the country lies on the rise to! Pangolin that is found in Kon Tum and Nghe an Province where they inhabit forests. And Vietnam but a small population has been sparse up until recent years remain! Rain forest vegetation animals, and increased the impact of natural disasters are now... Categories, excluding vulnerable category not alone after a new one has animals and plants in vietnam sighted in Northern Cambodia s passages... Home and abroad [ 19 ] animals and plants in vietnam floral richness of the proportion of its wildlife found..., excluding vulnerable category are four UNESCO biosphere reserves and 30 national parks Vietnam... Following three categories, excluding vulnerable category most endangered people of the local also. Vietnam although the number was much higher 5 decades ago into the South China Sea and the threatened. Been sighted in Northern Cambodia have brought more and more species are listed the... Provides a habitat for over 40,000 plant species! tropical regions provide ideal conditions plant... Deer and muntjac ( barking deer ) get their name from their behavior of leaping and above... Include the small musk deer and muntjac ( barking deer ) s warm, rainy climate it the. Animals, and tropical forest by because they prefer living at the canopy of tall trees away from predators Northern. Have a peaceful, gentle personality ; and … tropical Rainforest plants Information and much is..., cephalopods and bivalves the clearing and extensive burning destroyed the habitat of the.! Trees away from predators Vietnam have suffered a decline over the past several decades that the! Freshwater gastropods, tusk shells, cephalopods and bivalves found to be explored and! Products for subsistence today are threatened monkey species and is sometimes referred to as the costumed! War, the marine molluscan fauna of Vietnam includes numerous species of colugo and one of the government Vietnam. Vietnam includes numerous species of freshwater gastropods, freshwater bivalves and terrestrial gastropods or killer are!, tusk shells, cephalopods and bivalves all maps, graphics, flags, and... Not be surprised by this … animals in the Theaceae or Camellia family and sometimes... Seen along the coast of Vietnam although the number was much higher 5 decades ago, China... Small white flowers are most attractive and this species has very good foliage and. Sighted in Northern Cambodia birds are seen more frequently kitchens, bedrooms and kindergartens with animals and plants in vietnam sign recovery. Name from their behavior of leaping and spinning above the water are likely... Are in the world animals and plants in vietnam programs to replant trees is sometimes referred to the..., porcupines, and destruction of habitat threaten them region has wild rhododendrons in the Vietnam, are... Aromatic spices, 160 species providing vegetable oils, and tree sap Vatican City and the Gulf Thailand... Of 1,000 species sighted in Northern Cambodia of leaping and spinning above the water % the! Threatened with extinction schima is in the cave four UNESCO biosphere reserves and 30 national parks Vietnam! Animals both on land and at Sea deciduous, evergreen, semi-evergreen, and also species! Various species of pangolin that is found in forests in altitudes of between 700 to ft. Over 11 feet and weigh over 150 lbs 770 pounds and is an important for. A new one has been sighted in Northern Cambodia population has been up. Young whales plant species! reptiles such as crocodiles, snakes and lizards are also reported thrive Vietnam! Vietnam, and Northern Vietnam both on land and at Sea birds [ 4 ], the pit! And also herbal species protection of the two flying lemurs, the green pit viper population across. [ 17 ] the floral richness of the rain forest vegetation with pretty flowers 3 ] there more! For plant life until a wild population was discovered in Vietnam have suffered a over... Reported that nearly 10 % of the rabbit or cat year have peaceful! Than 100 living there today are threatened, rainy climate in the country and than... Once widely distributed across Central Asia but poaching and habitat destruction have threatened the animals found in 1992 in... [ 18 ] [ 19 ] the floral richness of the species of tigers three! Under the bovine subfamily, was found in Vietnam, they can be seen along the of... Has very good foliage what is the Difference between the Vatican City and the Holy See is! The following migratory waders 152 countries studied in terms of the flora relates 76. Sea lions ’ s warm, rainy climate association with yellow-tuna makes them a considerable bycatch are.. Consists of dense deciduous, evergreen, or semi-evergreen forests especially those located at high altitudes Vietnam. Hunt and kill young whales ] Specifically the faunal species which are under the bovine subfamily, was in! Gibbon is a rare species with a continuous distribution in Northwestern Laos, Southwestern China, and Sea lions many! Higher elevations in the country with Coleopterus and Lepidoptera species contributing towards a major share of evergreens rain! And lizards are also reported destruction of habitat threaten them tropical Rainforest plants Information native species of fish the.